Curse of the pharaoh

В дополнении "Проклятие фараонов" в рамках Season Pass вы раскроете самые удивительные тайны Древнего Египта.
Байек отправляется в Фивы, чтобы расследовать загадочные события, из-за которых город оказался во власти древнего ужаса. Герою предстоит сразиться с чудовищами из древних мифов.

Вас ждут новые задания, персонажи и самые невероятные противники.

  • Повышение максимального уровня героя. Новые способности
  • Новый регион: Долина Царей, Фивы, Асуан и оазис
  • Новое легендарное оружие



Дополнение к Assassin’s Creed: Origins, в центре которого окажется богатая египетская мифология.

Вас ждет полная загадок локация, где вам предстоит сразиться с неупокоенными фараонами и мифологическими созданиями. Основной целью будет раскрытие таинственного проклятия, которое пробудило умерших века назад фараонов.

Максимальный уровень персонажа с выходом The Curse of the Pharaohs вновь повысится. Кроме того, герою станут доступны совершенно новые способности.

The curse of the pharaohs is an alleged curse believed by some to be cast upon any person who disturbs the mummy of an Ancient Egyptian person, especially a pharaoh. This curse, which does not differentiate between thieves and archaeologists, allegedly can cause bad luck, illness or death. Since the m >[1]

There are occasional instances of genuine ancient curses appearing ins >[2] The ev >[3]

Contents

Tomb curses [ edit ]

Curses relating to tombs are extremely rare, possibly because the >[2] They most frequently occur in private tombs of the Old Kingdom era. [4] The tomb of Ankhtifi (9–10th dynasty) contains the warning: "any ruler who. shall do evil or wickedness to this coffin. may Hemen ([a local deity]) not accept any goods he offers, and may his heir not inherit". The tomb of Khentika Ikhekhi (9–10th dynasty) contains an inscription: "As for all men who shall enter this my tomb. impure. there will be judgment. an end shall be made for him. I shall seize his neck like a bird. I shall cast the fear of myself into him". [2]

Curses after the Old Kingdom era are less common though more severe, sometimes invoking the ire of Thoth or the destruction of Sekhemet. [4] Zahi Hawass quotes an example of a curse: "Cursed be those who disturb the rest of a Pharaoh. They that shall break the seal of this tomb shall meet death by a disease that no doctor can diagnose." [5]

Modern accounts [ edit ]

Hieroglyphs were not deciphered until the beginning of the 19th century by Jean-François Champollion, so reports of curses prior to this are simply perceived bad luck associated with the handling of mummies and other artifacts from tombs. In 1699, Louis Penicher wrote an account in which he recorded how a Polish traveler bought two mummies in Alexandria and embarked on a sea journey with the mummies in the cargo hold. The traveler was alarmed by recurring visions of two specters, and the stormy seas d >[2]

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Zahi Hawass recalled that as a young archaeologist excavating at Kom Abu Billo he had to transport a number of artifacts from the Greco-Roman site. His cousin died on that day, his uncle died on its first anniversary, and on the third anniversary his aunt died. Years later, when he excavated the tombs of the builders of the pyram >[5]

Though not superstitious, he dec >[5] Hawass also recorded an inc >[6]

The >[7] However, two stories subsequently discovered by S. J. Wolfe, Robert Singerman and Jasmine Day – The Mummy’s Soul (Anonymous, 1862) and After Three Thousand Years (Jane G. Austin, 1868) – have similar plots, in which a female mummy takes magical revenge upon her male desecrator. Jasmine Day therefore argues that the modern European concept of curses is based upon an analogy between desecration of tombs and rape, interpreting early curse fiction as proto-feminist narratives authored by women. The Anonymous and Austin stories predate Alcott’s piece, raising the possibility that even earlier "lost" mummy curse prototype fiction awaits rediscovery. [8]

Opening of King Tutankhamun’s tomb [ edit ]

Tutankhamun’s curse [ edit ]

The belief in a curse was brought to many people’s attention due to the deaths of a few members of Howard Carter’s team and other prominent visitors to the tomb shortly thereafter. Carter’s team opened the tomb of Tutankhamun (KV62) in 1922, launching the modern era of Egyptology.

The famous Egyptologist James Henry Breasted worked with Carter soon after the first opening of the tomb. He reported how Carter sent a messenger on an errand to his house. On approaching his home the messenger thought he heard a "faint, almost human cry". Upon reaching the entrance he saw the bird cage occupied by a cobra, the symbol of Egyptian monarchy. Carter’s canary had died in its mouth and this fueled local rumors of a curse. [9] Arthur Weigall, a previous Inspector-General of Antiquities to the Egyptian Government, reported that this was interpreted as Carter’s house being broken into by the Royal Cobra, the same as that worn on the King’s head to strike enemies (see Uraeus), on the very day the King’s tomb was being broken into. [10] An account of the inc >[11]

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The first of the mysterious deaths was that of Lord Carnarvon. He had been bitten by a mosquito, and later slashed the bite acc >[4] The superstitious Benito Mussolini, who had once accepted an Egyptian mummy as a gift, ordered its immediate removal from the Palazzo Chigi. [12]

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes, suggested that Lord Carnarvon’s death had been caused by "elementals" created by Tutankhamun’s priests to guard the royal tomb, and this further fueled the media interest. [13] Arthur Weigall reported that six weeks before Carnarvon’s death, he had watched the Earl laughing and joking as he entered the King’s tomb and sa >[14] The first autopsy carried out on the body of Tutankhamun by Dr Derry found a healed lesion on the left cheek, but as Carnarvon had been buried six months previously it was not possible to determine if the location of the wound on the King corresponded with the fatal mosquito bite on Carnarvon. [15]

A study of documents and scholarly sources led The Lancet to conclude as unlikely that Carnarvon’s death had anything to do with Tutankhamun’s tomb, refuting another theory that exposure to toxic fungi (mycotoxins) had contributed to his demise. The report points out that the Earl was only one of many to enter the tomb, on several occasions and that none of the others were affected. [16] The cause of Carnarvon’s death was reported as "’pneumonia supervening on [facial] erysipelas,’ (a streptococcal infection of the skin and underlying soft tissue). Pneumonia was thought to be only one of various complications, arising from the progressively invasive infection, that eventually resulted in multiorgan failure." [17] The Earl had been "prone to frequent and severe lung infections" according to The Lancet and there had been a "general belief . that one acute attack of bronchitis could have killed him. In such a debilitated state, the Earl’s immune system was easily overwhelmed by erysipelas". [16]

In 1925, the anthropologist Henry Field, accompanied by Breasted, visited the tomb and recalled the kindness and friendliness of Carter. He also reported how a paperweight given to Carter’s friend Sir Bruce Ingram was composed of a mummified hand with its wrist adorned with a scarab bracelet marked with, "Cursed be he who moves my body. To him shall come fire, water and pestilence." Soon after receiving the gift, Ingram’s house burned down, followed by a flood when it was rebuilt. [18]

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Howard Carter was entirely skeptical of such curses. [19] He d >[20]

Skeptics have pointed out that many others who visited the tomb or helped to discover it lived long and healthy lives. A study showed that of the 58 people who were present when the tomb and sarcophagus were opened, only eight died within a dozen years. All the others were still alive, including Howard Carter, who died of lymphoma in 1939 at the age of 64. [21] [22] The last survivors included Lady Evelyn Herbert, Lord Carnarvon’s daughter who was among the first people to enter the tomb after its discovery in November 1922, who lived for a further 57 years and died in 1980, [23] and American archaeologist J.O. Kinnaman who died in 1961, a full 39 years after the event. [24]

Deaths popularly attributed to Tutankhamun’s curse [ edit ]

The tomb was opened on 29 November 1922.

  • George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, financial backer of the excavation team who was present at the tomb’s opening, died on 5 April 1923 after a mosquito bite became infected; he died 4 months and 7 days after the opening of the tomb. [25][26]
  • George Jay Gould I, a visitor to the tomb, died in the French Riviera on 16 May 1923 after he developed a fever following his visit. [27]
  • Prince Ali Kamel Fahmy Bey of Egypt died 10 July 1923: shot dead by his wife Marguerite Alibert.
  • Colonel The Hon. Aubrey Herbert, MP, Carnarvon’s half-brother, became nearly blind and died on 26 September 1923 from blood poisoning related to a dental procedure intended to restore his eyesight.
  • Sir Archibald Douglas-Re >[28]
  • The Hon. Mervyn Herbert, Carnarvon’s half brother and the aforementioned Aubrey Herbert’s full brother, died on 26 May 1929, reportedly from "malarial pneumonia".
  • Captain The Hon. Richard Bethell, Carter’s personal secretary, died on 15 November 1929: died in bed in a Mayfair club, the victim of a suspected smothering. [29]
  • Richard Luttrell Pilkington Bethell, 3rd Baron Westbury, father of the above, died on 20 February 1930; he supposedly threw himself off his seventh floor apartment.
  • Howard Carter opened the tomb on 16 February 1923, and died well over a decade later on 2 March 1939; however, some have still attributed his death to the "curse". [30]

There were about 11 deaths in the first 10 years of Tut’s tomb opening.

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